ocron. Promotes healthy digestion; calms upset stomach; soothes gastrointestinal distress; herbal astringent. As with most websites, we do log web visits. department within 30 days of receipt of your order for a prompt Depending on the techniques used, colours range from black to brown to orange-red. To see more results, click here for Advanced Search. from inventory. It grows rapidly in even-aged pure stands, often shading out conifers such as Douglas-fir. It is found on sites rich with nutrients, including floodplains and streambanks. ALSO KNOWN AS: Red Alder, Tag Alder. Native Americans used red alder bark (Alnus rubra) to treat poison oak, insect bites, and skin irritations. Red Alder                                                                                 The Birch Family–Betulaceae. The appearance of alder lumber ranges from white through pinkish to light brown, has a relatively soft texture, minimal grain, and has medium luster. Along streambanks it is commonly associated with willows (Salix spp. If desired add honey and/or lemon to suit taste. On the other hand, knotty red alder is an inexpensive choice which is commonly employed for domestic construction. The inner bark and wood turn deep orange when cut. Young trees have smooth silvery bark and older tree bark is often patched with white lichen, moss, and dark spots. ALSO KNOWN AS: Red Alder, Tag Alder. Producers of smoked fish and meats also like alder for the subtle and unique flavour it imparts. Red alder wood is moderately dense, and uniformly textured. A rapidly growing tree, it has a short life span of around 60 years. The information on this website is not intended as a substitute for the medical recommendations of a physician. [7], Alnus rubra grows from southeast Alaska south to central coastal California, nearly always within about 200 km (120 mi) of the Pacific coast, except for an extension 600 km (370 mi) inland across Washington and Oregon into northernmost Montana. It is relatively short-lived and rarely lives past 100 years. They develop into small, woody, superficially cone-like oval dry fruit 2 to 3 cm (0.79 to 1.18 in) long. Red alder lumber is dried according to end-use and customer specifications. Red alder is occasionally used as a rotation crop to discourage the conifer root pathogen Phellinus weirii (Laminated root rot). We want you to be completely satisfied with every purchase from us. Bonus 45-page eBook: Essential Workshop Jigs and Techniques, Instant access to online woodworking library, Instant access to Exclusive online Video Library. It has low bending strength, low shock resistance, moderate stiffness and good steam bending qualities. [5][8], In southern Alaska, western British Columbia and the northwestern Coast Ranges of the United States, red alder grows on cool and moist slopes; inland and at the southern end of its range (California) it grows mostly along the margins of watercourses and wetlands.[9]. The wood dries well although care must be taken to control the colour. We collect information on our subscribers that may be used in summary reports presented to our advertisers. Red Alder bark played a prominent role in the tribal medicine of the Pomo and Salinan, where it was used to promote stomach and gastrointestinal distress. The bark of Red Alder was also valued for its medicinal qualities; it is known to have antibiotic properties and contains salicin, which is used to make aspirin. Beavers eat the bark and use the stems for building dams and lodges. Deer and elk eat the leaves, twigs and buds of young trees. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 30 m (99 ft) high. In moist forest areas Alnus rubra will rapidly cover a former burn or clearcut, often preventing the establishment of conifers. Because of its oily smoke, A. rubra is the wood of choice for smoking salmon. Red Alder can form attractive groves in young forests, especially along rivers and streams. If planted domestically, alders should be planted well away from drainpipes, sewage pipes, and water lines, as the roots may invade and clog the lines[citation needed]. A red or orange dye was made from the bark to color red cedar bark and to make fishnets invisible to fish. Recent clinical studies have verified that red alder contains betulin and lupeol, compounds shown to be effective against a variety of tumors.[11]. In British Columbia, red alder grows in even-aged, pure stands and, in later successional stages, with shade-tolerant conifers. B.C. has declared a state of emergency. Nurse stands of red alder may also reduce spruce weevil damage in Sitka spruce stands on the Olympic Peninsula [17] Alder continues to attract interest as log values approach and often exceed those of Douglas-fir. Indigenous peoples use the bark of red alder as a dye for basket materials, wood, wool, feathers, human hair and skin. The leaves are ovate, 7 to 15 centimetres (2.8 to 5.9 in) long, with bluntly serrated edges and a distinct point at the end; the leaf margin is revolute, the very edge being curled under, a diagnostic character which distinguishes it from all other alders. Relationships: There are about eight alder species that reach tree size in the United States and Canada, about 20 or 30 species worldwide. Alnus rubra is an important early colonizer of disturbed forests and riparian areas mainly because of its ability to fix nitrogen in the soil. If you have questions or suggestions please. In the world of musical instrument construction, red alder is valued by some electric guitar / electric bass builders for its balanced tonality. Red alder seeds have a membranous winged margin that allows long-distance dispersal. Red alder is a medium-sized broadleaf tree that grows up to 24 metres. WTU Herbarium Image Collection, Plants of Washington, Burke Museum, E-Flora BC, Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia, USDA Forest Service-Fire Effects Information System, Virginia Tech ID Fact Sheet + Landowner Fact Sheet, Native Plants Network, Propagation Protocol Database, Native American Ethnobotany, University of Michigan, Dearborn. It is easily worked, glues well, and takes a good finish. [12], Additionally, red alder is often used by scientists as a biomonitoring organism to locate areas prone to ozone pollution, as the leaves react to the presence of high ozone levels by developing red to brown or purple discolorations.[13]. 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