Usually, a female reaches the puberty around 10 years but, recent studies on their reproductive biology have confirmed that normal oestrous cycling could start at five to six years of age, and additionally, recorded pregnancies at nine year old females. This is how elephant sense receptors are helping them find their next meals and avoid danger. Both male and female African elephants have tusks. Male elephants have curvier spines blending smoothly into a more rounded rump. 5) The trunk. An African forest elephant from Congo. Blessing because they give a sense of true majesty that rise them above other animals as well and being of use for various tasks. On the other hand, only male Asian elephants have tusks… This isn't always reliable, though, when there's only one elephant or when there's a herd which might include juvenile males not yet grown larger than their mothers. Therefore, males live a solitary life but, sometimes there are small bachelor groups. On the other hand, only male Asian elephants have tusks, and they are called “tuskers.” The tuskers are much shorter and lighter than those from their African cousins. Their tusks are softer and appear to have more rings around them. TUSKS. Females have very small or no tusks at all. /VCG Photo, The Asian elephant: convex back, small round ears, the female doesn't have tusks. Male Elephant. Poaching does still take place, but in most of the Asian elephants ranges it is under control. Female elephants and some male elephants have, However, an Asian elephant is on the endangered list. The Asian elephant, on the other hand, can be found throughout the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia. An Asian elephant can grow up to, When you think of an elephant what do you think? Look at the elephant's spinal profile. The visible, ivory part of the tusk is made of dentine with an outer layer of enamel. As the temporal glands on both sides of the head swell more, a terrible headache occurs, which would be almost as painful as a root abscess toothache. All African elephants, male and female, have tusks whereas only some Asian males have tusks. He holds a bachelor's degree in English and a master's degree in journalism, from The Ohio State University. One third of the tusk is actually hidden from view, embedded deep in the elephant’s head. A male elephant’s tusks are bigger and heavier than those of a female of ... Only 2 to 4 percent of female African elephants never develop tusks in the wild ... and found significant differences. Both male and female African elephants have tusks. Enjoy and experience African elephants from a safe distance with this South African elephant conservation tour. Do think of an animal that is large, has a long nose and big ears? Or have very tiny ones which barely protrude from the mouth. One population, the African forest elephants live in the west and central forest regions of Africa. Elephants have the longest oestrus cycle and the gestation length. African elephants have fuller, more rounded heads. Only Male Elephants have tusks and that too not all. According to the World Wildlife Fund, there are now thought to be around 415,000 African elephants left in the wild. Both male and female African elephants have tusks. This part of the tusk is a pulp cavity made up of tissue, blood and nerves. Principally, they are formidable weapons against potential predators like the tiger (although tigers will only ever attack young or juvenile elephants) or in battle against other elephants. Elephants tusks never stop growing so some old bulls display enormous examples. There is also a display element to tusks and they can attract the interest of females. You are halfway correct! It is evaluated as "endangered" by IUCN red list, with a decreasing population of 50,000 to 40,000. There are two different kinds of elephants: the African elephant and the Asian elephant. All African male and female elephants have tusks. In case of Asians, it is only the males who have tusks, with the females having rudimentary versions or none at all. Here is the role that elephants play in their habitats. The two species have different body and head shapes. Here are six facts about how elephants see. The threats to an African elephant include poachers, habitat loss and lack of survival in captivity. Males are about 2.75 meters tall, weighing four tons. Here is how African bush elephants and African forest elephants differ. Female African Elephants have small tusks while Male African Elephants have large tusks. The magnificent tusks can be very long and quite spectacular. Their caring for calves is irresistible as quoted in Fowler and Mikota (2006). Earlier it was hypothesized that, the musth is an indication of readiness for mating with a female, but there is no synchronization observed with oestrus in females. The African elephant is generally bigger. It's rare to see a tuskless male elephant because in the absence of poaching, males … Its tusks are straight and point downward, different from the African bush elephant whose tusks are curved and point forward. One thing to note about Asian elephants is that a, Elephants are huge in size, but even between the two there is a difference. Do think of an animal that is large, has a long nose and big ears? As each of these species name indicate, they live in different locations. These species can be found in the regions of India and Southeast Asia - like Mayanmar, Thailand, Cambodia and Laos. It has also been observed that the herd living captive female elephants are more successful in breeding aspects viz. The African elephant's tusks can be quite long. The threats to Asian elephants include habitat loss, poachers and tourism trade. Error: Error validating application. Conservation status. For starters, Asian elephants have smaller ears than African elephants. Usually in mammals tusks are enlarged canine teeth, but in elephants they are actually elongated incisors and are essentially no different from other teeth. Both male and female African elephants have tusks. All African elephants, male and female, have tusks whereas only some Asian males have tusks. For both elephants, the trunk is the most important and most useful tool in their lives. Ovulation occurs at the start of the luteal phase, and a male should mate during that period for a successful conceiving. They are famed for their aggression which gets elevated during the musth period. Let us explain the differences between an, As each of these species name indicate, they live in different locations. What many people don’t know is that there are, Asian elephants live in Asia in forest regions. Elephant ivory has been used in huge amounts to make billiards balls, piano keys, identification chops and many other items for human enjoyment. Unable to display Facebook posts.Show errorfunction cffShowError() { document.getElementById("cff-error-reason").style.display = "block"; document.getElementById("cff-show-error").style.display = "none"; }. The longest known tusk of an African bush elephant measured 3.51 meters and weighed 117 kg. Check out these fun facts about African elephants that will help you learn why it is so important to save them! Look at the elephant's spinal profile. 6.6 to 6.8 feet in height and weigh up to 2.25 to 5.5 tons. Both African and Asian elephants are threatened by poaching and habitat loss. Even with animals, a family is a crucial part of life - especially in elephants. Tusklessness is almost an exclusively female trait, Long said. As Charles Darwin (1871) quotes, “No animal in the world is so dangerous as an elephant in musth”. John Donne, in 1601, referred elephants as a nature’s great masterpiece. The other population, the African savannah elephant, live in the eastern and southern parts of Africa - like Namibia, Mozambique and South Africa. The gestation lasts for about 22 months, and the calf is cared with the greatest concentration a cow could offer. How many differences can you find based on this picture? David De Lossy/Digital Vision/Getty Images, San Dieo Zoo Behavior & Ecology: Asian Elephant, Elephas maximus, Naure India: A Tusk-less Future for the Asian Elephant. Besides, they have different ear shapes. Weight: The well-grown adult African Elephant weighs between 4000 kg to 7500 kg (Cover image via VCG, designed by CGTN's Jia Jieqiong), (If you want to contribute and have specific expertise, please contact us at nature@cgtn.com. Do you know the difference between the Asian and African elephant. The African elephant's trunk tip has two "fingers." Let us bring to the conversation about saving elephants to your community. What many people don’t know is that there are two different types of African elephants. Asian Elephants are grass eaters. You are halfway correct! Are you of legal drinking age in your country? Tusks are also used as an instrument to protect elephants from disturbances. Usually in mammals tusks are enlarged canine teeth, but in elephants they are actually elongated incisors and are essentially no different from other teeth. Here are some tips: The African elephant vs. the Asian elephant. Female elephants have straighter spines which curve abruptly to a boxed rump, according to the San Diego Zoo. And informal presentations at your school or business tourism trade conversation about saving to. International trade in endangered species ( CITES ) banned the ivory trade the tuskers are much shorter and lighter those. 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